By | 26 Desember 2021
$ sudo apt install mariadb-server-10.5
$ apt policy mariadb-server
mariadb-server:
Installed: (none)
Candidate: 1:10.5.12-0+deb11u1
Version table:
1:10.5.12-0+deb11u1 500
500 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 Packages
500 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main i386 Packages
$ sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client
$ apt policy mariadb-server
mariadb-server:
Installed: 1:10.5.12-0+deb11u1
Candidate: 1:10.5.12-0+deb11u1
Version table:
*** 1:10.5.12-0+deb11u1 500
500 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 Packages
500 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main i386 Packages
100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
$ sudo service mariadb status
/usr/bin/mysqladmin Ver 9.1 Distrib 10.5.12-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu on x86_64
Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Server version 10.5.12-MariaDB-0+deb11u1
Protocol version 10
Connection Localhost via UNIX socket
UNIX socket /run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
Uptime: 2 min 55 sec Threads: 1 Questions: 469 Slow queries: 0 Opens: 171 Open tables: 28 Queries per second avg: 2.680.
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and
haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on… Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody
can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] n
… skipping. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Change the root password? [Y/n] n

… skipping. By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y

… Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y

… Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y

Dropping test database…
… Success!

Removing privileges on test database…
… Success!Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

… Success! Cleaning up… All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
sudo mysql -u root
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 54
Server version: 10.5.12-MariaDB-0+deb11u1 Debian 11 Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]> \q
Bye
$ mysql -u root
Enter password:
ERROR 1698 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'
$ sudo update-rc.d mariadb defaults
(Untuk menyalakan service MariaDB secara otomatis setelah reboot)
Menambahkan hak akses localhost kepada root user
$ sudo mysql -u root

MariaDB [(none)]> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql |
| performance_schema |
+--------------------+
3 rows in set (0.001 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> use mysql;

MariaDB [mysql]> show tables;

MariaDB [mysql]> select host,user,password from user;
+-----------+-------------+----------+
| Host | User | Password |
+-----------+-------------+----------+
| localhost | mariadb.sys | |
| localhost | root | invalid |
| localhost | mysql | invalid |
+-----------+-------------+----------+
3 rows in set (0.003 sec)

MariaDB [mysql]> grant all privileges on . to 'root'@'localhost' identified by 'Oyot_2021';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.003 sec) 

MariaDB [mysql]> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.001 sec) MariaDB 

[mysql]> select host,user,password from user; 
+-----------+-------------+-------------------------------------------+ 
| Host      | User        | Password                                  | 
+-----------+-------------+-------------------------------------------+ 
| localhost | mariadb.sys |      | 
| localhost | root        | *9136E06004C1111BCBBF16808FA1FE6B18FC064E | 
| localhost | mysql       | invalid                                   | 
+-----------+-------------+-------------------------------------------+ 
3 rows in set (0.003 sec) 

MariaDB [mysql]> \q Bye
Tes akses menggunakan root di localhost
$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 60
Server version: 10.5.12-MariaDB-0+deb11u1 Debian 11 Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. 

MariaDB [(none)]>

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